COMPARATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF THREE OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY SLEEP INTERVENTIONS
Sharon A. Gutman, PhD, OTR, FAOTA, Associate Professor, Columbia University Medical Center
Summary: Conducted by Dr. Sharon Guttman at Columbia University Medical Center, this randomized, controlled study of 29 adults with light sleep difficulties compared three non-pharmacological sleep interventions: the Dreampad™ pillow with Intrasound Technology, an audio breathing program called iRest™, and sleep hygiene (sleep improvement behavior such as reducing food, alcohol and screen time before bed). The most statistically significant results of the study were the reduction in night time awakenings experienced by Dreampad users. Waking during the night is the number one symptom reported by those with stress related sleep problems as well as the number one problem reported by the study participants.
HRV PILOT STUDY
Kelly L. Olson, Ph.D., Director, Clinical Research and Development, SleepImage
Summary: This study measures the effect of the Dreampad on relaxation using heart rate variability (HRV); HRV is widely considered the most authoritative reference for the Parasympathetic Nervous System, which governs our relaxation response.
PRELIMINARY STUDY: THE EFFECT OF THE DREAMPAD ON CHILDREN WITH ADHD AND SLEEP-RELATED DIFFICULTIES
The Hallowell Center, New York, NY
Summary: Therapists at the Hallowell Center in New York City conducted a pilot study on the effect of the Dreampad on 8 children diagnosed with ADHD. Measures included The Child’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) and a sleep diary. The most notable changes were in sleep behavior: waking during the night and morning wake-up. All but one child no longer showed any problems waking during the night. All but two children showed improvement in sleep behavior and morning wake-up.
A SLEEP INTERVENTION FOR CHILDREN WITH AUTISM
Sarah Schoen, PhD, OTR, Assistant Research Director, SPD Foundation
Summary: The aim of this study was to examine the immediate, short-term effects of the Dreampad on the sleep behaviors of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). In addition, this study examined the effects of changes in sleep patterns on parent and family measures of stress and quality of life.
“Improvements were noted in sleep initiation, duration of sleep, reduction in night waking and improved daytime behavior. All 15 children showed a decrease in sleep problems as noted in response to the sleep diary or the CSHQ. Similarly all 15 families had improved scores on the Pediatric Quality of Life Questionnaire, some of which persisted beyond the time they were actively using the Dreampad. Changes were most notable in emotional, social and school functioning. All of the parents reported a positive reaction to using the Dreampad and were interested in continuing its use. Many said their children were going to bed/sleep more quickly, sleeping more soundly, waking up more easily and generally seemed more relaxed.”
MEASURING THE EFFECT OF THE DREAMPAD WITH TEN VETERANS DIAGNOSED WITH POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD)
Jan C. Nelson, OTR, MA
Summary: “This pilot project was designed as a first step in determining the efficacy of the Integrated Listening Systems’ (iLs) Dreampad™ in engaging the parasympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system. High Frequency Coupling (HFC) is representative of synchronous coupling between heart rate variations and respiration. The more synchronous these signals, the healthier the autonomic nervous system. It has been associated with vagal tone, and improved HFC may Indicate parasympathetic dominance, which will promote a more favorable internal environment for resting/sleeping….. 82% of subjects saw significant improvement in HFC while using the Dreampad.”
USER STUDY: DREAMPAD REDUCES TIME TO FALL ASLEEP
Summary: Dreampads were trialed by ten children who had sleep difficulties, and sometimes their family members. Each family has a blog; they were not obliged or rewarded in any way to write positive reviews. The children are aged 4 – 14. All ten families had very positive experiences and would recommend the product to others. Eight of the ten felt the Dreampad made a huge change in their own and/or their child’s life.